The temporomandibular joints (TMJ) slide and rotate to enable your mouth to open and close. These complex connectors, which comprise the temporal bone and the mandible jaw, allow the entire jawbone system to operate efficiently. Biting, yawning, talking, and swallowing become possible when the joints are appropriately positioned. When your jawbone, ligaments, and muscles are misaligned, you may experience substantial discomfort.
TMJ, jawbone, and muscular difficulties that produce facial discomfort are known as temporomandibular disorders (TMD). TMD is caused by misaligned joints, bones, and muscles that don't operate together. In the therapy of certain illnesses, Cornell Dental can help.
What Factors Lead to TMD?
Bruxism, which causes injury to your jaw, neck, or skull, is the most prevalent cause of TMD. Dislocation of the jaw or arthritis can induce TMD symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome and fibromyalgia are examples of medical conditions that can induce TMD.
TMD Signs and Symptoms
There are many indicators that might mean you are suffering from TMD. For instance, TMD is associated with headaches, jaw discomfort and pain in the upper body such as the shoulders, face, neck, and behind the eyes. Likewise, look out for symptoms such as dizziness, jaw locking, jaw popping, earaches, teeth clenching and sensitivity.
Clinical Diagnosis of TMD
Our dental professionals examine your jaw and explain any visible signs. They'll also pay attention to any sounds made by opening and closing your mouth. Then they'll check the movement of your jaw to see if it's normal, pressing on certain areas to see whether they're sore or uncomfortable. Specific steps must be followed when an issue is found. Dental x-rays are used to assess the condition of your jaw and teeth. Then, computerized tomography (CT) scans are used to provide detailed pictures of the bones that make up the joint. MRI scans indicate problems with your joint disks, soft tissues, and joints.
How is TMD Treated?
Some problems go away on their own, but treatment is suggested if they persist. Prescription anti-inflammatories and pain relievers are among the most popular treatments; but, if these fail, stronger pain relievers may be prescribed for a period of time.
Tricyclic antidepressants are prescribed for depression, pain relief, tooth clenching or grinding, and sleeplessness. Muscle relaxants are utilized to relieve pain caused by TMJ problems and spasms, but not on a regular basis.
How to Prevent TMD
It is possible to avoid TMD disorders and to live a healthy life. To begin, eat soft foods and limit chewy items like gum to prevent putting strain on your jaw muscles. Jaw muscles can be stretched and massaged at home. Furthermore, you can apply ice to your face to aid in lessening any pain.
Contact Us for TMD Diagnosis and Treatment Today
For details about TMD/TMJ therapy, please see Cornell Dental. Please call us at us at (971) 397-6196 if you are in pain and require home remedies as you wait to come in for dental treatment of the condition.